Breakthrough Bleeding is a condition that is described as abnormal bleeding that occurs between menstrual cycles for women. There are many causes of breakthrough bleeding the most common ones being an excessively thick endometrium lining. Other causes of bleeding may include; hormonal effects of ovulation, the use of hormonal contraceptives, sexually transmitted disease, anemia, ovarian cysts, thyroid problems, fibroids, cysts and may occur early in pregnancy. Although most of the time this bleeding is not medically dangerous it can be unpredictable and unpleasant.
This bleeding is a very common problem that many women deal with, especially when on birth control pills. If you are experiencing this problem don’t feel ashamed or afraid, you’re not alone. There are a few known causes of breakthrough bleeding such as fluctuations in hormone levels. early in pregnancy, hormones are also in flux and in particular an increase in estrogen levels may cause bleeding. Bleeding may result either from an overly-thick uterine lining or from old blood that remains from the previous menstrual period.
Another possible cause of bleeding is uterine fibroids. They are benign non-cancerous tumors that occur within the layers of the uterus. If the fibroids remain small, there may not be any symptoms associated with them or, there may have abdominal pain or bloating, difficulty urinating, or back ache.
Fibroids can also interfere with with the growth and positioning of the baby or even cause premature labor. If you suspect uterine fibroids, as the cause of your breakthrough bleeding see your doctor.
Can The Medication You Take Cause Breakthrough Bleeding?
Another reason that some women have this condition is because of medication that my interfere with their birth control. Sometimes taking antibiotics can effect the way that pill is absorbed in the body, making it less effective. If you are taking an antibiotic you should continue taking it as directed unless your doctor tells you otherwise. There are prescriptions that can change the effectiveness of your birth control, but your doctor should be able to let you know what you can or cannot take when you are prescribed a new medication.
The best way to stay safe is to ALWAYS let your doctor know what medicine you are taking even if it’s over the counter. Smoking is also a cause of breakthrough bleeding. The chemicals in cigarettes can breakup the hormones in birth control making it less effective than it should be. There can also be medical reasons that have nothing to do with what medications you take or smoking, it’s just how your body reacts to the pill. Sometimes it can be a trial and error situation where it just takes finding the right dosage of hormones in a pill to get everything on the right track.
Always Keep The Lines of Communication Open With Your Doctor
No matter what your situation may be, do not be afraid to mention this to your doctor or health care provider because it can be a very simple thing to fix. You just have to be brave enough to be open about what is going on with your body. More than likely one of your girlfriends has experienced this break through bleeding and would be open to talking about it with you. So be open, fix the problem and keep living.